Bali Botanic Garden at Bedugul
The Bali Botanic Garden is located at Bedugul area in the middle of Bali island about 60 KM from Denpasar. Public transportation is not convenient due to irregular schedule, visitors adviced to use tourist bus, car, taxi, or motorbike.
The Bali Botanic Garden is situated on 1250-1450 m alt. with area 157.5 hectares (389 acres). Temperature is about 17 – 25 centigrade in daytime drop to 10 – 15 centigrade at night with humidity 70-90%. The weather is unpredictable, please prepare warm clothe, umbrella or rain coat.
Bali Botanic Garden is unique in Bali as a place for botanical research, conservation, education and recreation. It provides a place where you can relax in beautiful and peaceful surroundings while learning about the use of plants in the daily lives of Balinese people as well as many interesting tropical rainforest plants and birdlife.
Access to Eka Karya Botanic Garden
Botanic Garden area reachable from Singaraja or Denpasar. where visitors can stroll through cool and tranquil gardens, visit temples and traditional Balinese buildings, and learn about Balinese botany and traditions.
The Garden combines scientific and conservation goals in a cool, mountainous setting; with adjacent forests and lake and the attractive landscaping all joined in harmony. Eka Karya Botanic Garden, Bali, is not only a forerunner in conserving Indonesia’s flora, but one of the most beautiful gardens of its kind in the world.
Eka Karya Botanic Garden, Bali, was established on July 24, 1959, with an area of 154.5 hectares, at an elevation from 1200-1450 metres above sea level; average temperature 18°C and average rainfall 3000 mm.
The primary task of the Botanic Garden is to conduct research, inventory and protect Indonesian plant species native to moist upland areas, particularly from eastern Indonesia, as well as to provide useful scientific services and to increase public appreciation for conservation.
In order to fulfill this task, Eka Karya Botanic Garden, Bali, conducts field exploration and surveys, and has been equipped with an herbarium, seed collection, and nursery, as well as the living collections of trees, ferns, orchids, cacti and other plants of scientific, economic, cultural and aesthetic value.
POINTS OF INTEREST
Visitors arriving at the Eka Karya Botanic Garden, Bali, can become acquainted with the special Balinese architecture, which is both sturdy and beautiful. The distinctive carved split entrance-way candi bentar at the main entrance is typical of those usually found in temples or important buildings in Bali.
The Garden has an extensive Gymnosperm (non-flowering plants) collection. Plants in this collection come from many regions including The Netherlands, Australia, Japan, China, Africa, South and North America. In particular, the native Cemara Pandak (Podocarpus javanicus) can be seen. The collection of woody plant species in the garden totals 656 species from 141 Families, some of which are indigenous to the gardens.
Traditional Ceremonial Plants Collection
The social fabric of Balinese life cannot be separated from traditional ceremony and religious activity. The raw materials of many well-known plants play an important part in sacred ceremonies. Because of their importance, in 1991 Eka Karya Botanic Garden, Bali, began making inventories, collections and plantings of species used for traditional ceremonies. To date, the collection consists of 454 specimens from 117 species.
Within the gardens is a traditional Balinese house, called the Ethnobotany Building as it contains the Garden’s collection of ethnobotanical artifacts. The Ethnobotany Building was constructed following the best traditions of Balinese home architecture, in particular regarding the placement of the buildings in relation to one-another.
Traditional Balinese houses are a collection of smaller houses each with a particular function which are enclosed within or just outside of a perimeter wall.
Components of the traditional Balinese house are:
- Angkul-angkul = Main gate
- Tembok penyenker = Perimeter Wall
- Bale aling-aling = Waiting room
- Pewaregan = Kitchen
- Bale Dauh = Sleeping room for young men/boys
- Bale daja = Sleeping room for young women/girls and place of the Manusia Ceremony
- Pemerajan = Place for prayer
- Bale dangin = Sleeping room for parents
- Bale tangah = Sleeping room fir guests
- Bale bengong = Resting place for finding inspiration
- Bale kambang = Family meeting room
- Pesiraman/Beji = Family bathing room
- Jineng Room = for storing food above, and open place for making, storing and repairing tools and equipment
- Palarbon = Resting place after working in the garden
- Tebe Family = garden and place for dumping refuse
- Peloncor = Place for washing the face